Data Policy. Although public data availability is not strictly a requirement for manuscripts published in Ecosphere at this time, any information on materials, methods, or data necessary to verify the conclusions of the research reported must be made available to the Subject-matter Editor upon request.

By depositing data prior to publication of a manuscript, a permanent link can be made to and from the published paper. Wiley Online Library can be used for this purpose, but only if the material is submitted with the original submission for peer review. Data may be deposited in other depositories following acceptance and prior to publication.

Authors are strongly encouraged to deposit the data underlying their manuscripts in the Dryad data repository or Figshare, both of which provide flexible platforms for a wide variety of digital data. Other permanent depositories include GenBank for DNA sequences, ORNL-DAAC for biogeochemical data, Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity: KNB and the LTER Data Portal, as well as institutional repositories such as that at the University of Illinois.

Advantages of depositing data in a permanent repository include:

* Visibility: Making your data available online (and linking it to the publication) provides a new pathway for others to learn about your work.

* Citability: All data you deposit will receive a persistent, resolvable identifier that can be used in a citation as well as listed on your CV.

* Workload reduction: If you receive individual requests for data, you can simply direct them to files in the archive.

* Preservation: Your data files will be permanently and safely archived in perpetuity.

* Impact: You will garner citations through the reuse of your data.

Authors are responsible for any fees charged by external data repositories.

Include computer code. Authors must disclose software and statistical procedures used in the manuscript. Any novel computer code used for models, simulations, or statistical analyses reported in the manuscript must be described. Such code may be part of the submission and become a permanently archived Supplement to an accepted manuscript. Computer code should be sufficiently documented so that reviewers and readers can reconstruct simulations, models, or analyses as reported in the submission and ultimate publication. Executable code is not sufficient; source code should be provided. Sufficient metadata should accompany the code so that others can readily use the files and interpret output.