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Volume 104, Issue 3 e3947
DATA PAPER
Open Access

SPCIS: Standardized Plant Community with Introduced Status database

Laís Petri

Corresponding Author

Laís Petri

School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Correspondence

Laís Petri

Email: [email protected]

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Evelyn M. Beaury

Evelyn M. Beaury

Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA

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Jeffrey Corbin

Jeffrey Corbin

Department of Biological Sciences, Union College, Schenectady, New York, USA

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Kristen Peach

Kristen Peach

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA

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Helen Sofaer

Helen Sofaer

U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Hawaii National Park, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

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Ian S. Pearse

Ian S. Pearse

U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

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Regan Early

Regan Early

Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter Penryn Campus, Penryn, UK

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David T. Barnett

David T. Barnett

Battelle, National Ecological Observatory Network, Boulder, Colorado, USA

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Inés Ibáñez

Inés Ibáñez

School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

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Robert K. Peet

Robert K. Peet

Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

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Michael Schafale

Michael Schafale

North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

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Thomas R. Wentworth

Thomas R. Wentworth

Department of Plant Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

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James P. Vanderhorst

James P. Vanderhorst

West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program, Elkins, West Virginia, USA

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David N. Zaya

David N. Zaya

Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, USA

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Greg Spyreas

Greg Spyreas

Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, USA

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Bethany A. Bradley

Bethany A. Bradley

Department of Environmental Conservation, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA

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First published: 09 December 2022
Citations: 2
Handling Editor: William K. Michener

Funding information: Battelle, Grant/Award Number: 19114; Illinois Department of Natural Resources; National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) at the University of California, Santa Barbara; Natural Resources Conservation Service; NEON Program; North Carolina Department of Mitigation Services; National Science Foundation, Grant/Award Numbers: DEB-1252664, GRFP-1451512; U.S. Forest Service

Abstract

The movement of plant species across the globe exposes native communities to new species introductions. While introductions are pervasive, two aspects of variability underlie patterns and processes of biological invasions at macroecological scales. First, only a portion of introduced species become invaders capable of substantially impacting ecosystems. Second, species that do become invasive at one location may not be invasive in others; impacts depend on invader abundance and recipient species and conditions. Accounting for these phenomena is essential to accurately understand the patterns of plant invasion and explain the idiosyncratic results reflected in the literature on biological invasions. The lack of community-level richness and the abundance of data spanning broad scales and environmental conditions have until now hindered our understanding of invasions at a macroecological scale. To address this limitation, we leveraged quantitative surveys of plant communities in the USA and integrated and harmonized nine datasets into the Standardized Plant Community with Introduced Status (SPCIS) database. The database contains 14,056 unique taxa identified within 83,391 sampling units, of which 52.6% have at least one introduced species. The SPCIS database includes comparable information on plant species occurrence, abundance, and native status across the 50 U.S. States and Puerto Rico. SPCIS can be used to answer macro-scale questions about native plant communities and interactions with invasive plants. There are no copyright restrictions on the data, and we ask the users of this dataset to cite this paper, the respective paper(s) corresponding to the dataset sampling design (all references are provided in Data S1: Metadata S1: Class II-B-2), and the references described in Data S1: Metadata S1: Class III-B-4 as applicable to the dataset being utilized.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

    DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT

    The complete data set is available as Supporting Information and data are also available in Figshare at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19593373.v7.